ChatGPT: US lawmakers are taking an interest in AI platforms. Why? – National

ChatGPT, a rapidly growing artificial intelligence program, has won praise for its ability to quickly compose answers to a wide range of questions, and the attention of US lawmakers with questions about its impact on national security and education. attracted.

Just two months after its launch ChatGPT was estimated to have reached 100 million monthly active users, making it the fastest growing consumer application in history, and an increasing target for regulation.

Microsoft Corp. It was created by OpenAI, a private company backed by the US, and was made available to the public for free. Its ubiquity has raised fears that generative AI such as ChatGPT could be used to spread disinformation, while educators worry it will be used by students to cheat.

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Representative Ted Lieu, a Democrat on the House of Representatives Science Committee, said in a recent opinion piece in the New York Times that he was excited about AI and “the incredible ways it will continue to advance society,” but also “got out of” AI, especially AI that has been left unchecked and unregulated.”

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Lieu introduced a resolution written by ChatGPT that said Congress should focus on AI “to ensure that AI is developed and deployed in a way that is safe, ethical and protects the rights of all Americans.” and respects privacy, and the benefits of AI are widely distributed and the risks are minimal.”

In January, OpenAI CEO Sam Altman went to Capitol Hill, where he met with tech-oriented lawmakers like Senators Mark Warner, Ron Wyden and Richard Blumenthal and Representative Jake Auchincloss, according to an aide to Democratic lawmakers.

Click to play video: 'Answering with AI: How ChatGPT is shaking up online information searches'

Answer with AI: How ChatGPT is shaking up online information searches

A Wyden aide said the legislator pressed Altman on the need to ensure AI does not include biases that lead to discrimination in the real world, like in housing or jobs.

“While Senator Wyden believes AI has tremendous potential to accelerate innovation and research, he is focused on ensuring automated systems do not automate discrimination in the process,” said Wyden aide Keith Chu. .

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A second congressional aide described the discussions as focused on the pace of change in AI and how it can be used.

The logo of OpenAI, the maker of ChatGPT, is seen on a mobile phone in New York on January 31.

Richard Drew / AP

ChatGPT has already been banned in schools in New York and Seattle, according to media reports, prompted by concerns about plagiarism. A congressional aide said the concerns they were hearing from constituents mainly came from teachers focused on cheating.

OpenAI said in a statement: “We don’t want ChatGPT to be used in schools or anywhere else for deceptive purposes, so we’re already developing mitigations to help anyone identify text generated by that system.” Are.”

In an interview with Time, Meera Murati, OpenAI’s chief technology officer, said the company welcomed input from regulators and governments, including. “It’s never too early (to get regulators involved),” she said.

Andrew Burt, managing partner of BNH.AI, a law firm focused on AI liability, pointed to national security concerns, saying he has spoken with lawmakers who are studying whether ChatGPT and Similar AI systems such as Google’s Bard are to be regulated, although he said he could not reveal their names.

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“The whole value proposition of these types of AI systems is that they can generate content at a scale and speed that humans simply cannot,” he said.

“I would expect malicious actors, non-state actors and state actors whose interests are prejudicial to the United States, to use these systems to generate information that may be inaccurate or potentially harmful.”

ChatGPT himself, when asked how it should be regulated, declined and said: “As a neutral AI language model, I have no stance on specific laws that should be implemented to regulate AI systems like mine.” May or may not go.” But it then went on to list potential areas of focus for regulators, such as data privacy, bias and fairness, and transparency in how answers are written.

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